A Security Operations Center (SOC) is a key part of an organization’s defense against cyberattacks and unauthorized access. Security operations experts perform many roles, including asset discovery and management, incident response, and more. By learning about the different types of security operations, you can make an informed decision on which system best meets your needs. Here are some key terms to know about SOC. Read on to learn more.
Asset discovery and management
When it comes to cybersecurity, asset discovery and management are essential components of security operations. Using an efficient asset discovery and management tool can identify vulnerabilities and active threats, as well as installed and retired assets. It also identifies software and hardware assets that need optimization or maintenance. This information can be used to determine hardware and software costs, as well as identify extra software or hardware. Asset discovery and management can help you avoid unauthorized access to company data or information, and reduce IT costs.
Asset discovery and management can help you automate the inventory process by identifying all internet-facing assets. This helps you stay focused on detecting security threats and vulnerabilities earlier. In addition, asset discovery and management can help you automate tasks related to compliance and auditing. With automated asset discovery, you will know if assets are in compliance with internal and external regulations. You will have a complete view of your attack surface, and you will know when to patch or upgrade them.
A well-designed top SOC as a service provider can save money by reducing expenses associated with multiple security technologies. The center can manage all machines and equipment and document its working process. The process for implementing asset discovery and management depends on the functionality of the organization and the security needs. Security operations center strategies are based on a layered approach to security. Many security vendors specialize in different layers, so your organization needs to find a solution that integrates them all.
An asset discovery and management tool can detect and manage unlicensed software and hardware, and identify any software that is not licensed. Software licenses are important, as unauthorized users can incur penalties. An asset discovery tool can help you detect issues that affect virtual and physical assets on both premised and cloud environments. With asset discovery, you can quickly assess the vulnerability of any cloud environment or identify vulnerabilities in on-premises networks.
As part of the SOC’s role, security analysts collect and analyze network activity logs to determine potential threats and conduct remediation when an incident occurs. Some SOCs use a SIEM to aggregate and correlate data feeds from multiple sources, such as firewalls and operating systems. A SIEM is an essential component of security operations, but it does much more than handle problems as they arise. It identifies threats and protects an organization from them.
Among the most critical functions of a Security Operations Center (SOC), incident response is essential for preventing and responding to cybersecurity incidents. In addition to preparing for and managing an incident, SOCs also manage recovery and mitigation efforts after an attack. Incident response plans provide a clear structure for command and responsibility, as well as specific action steps for each scenario. Top-performing SOCs regularly test these plans with the rest of the organization, performing tabletop exercises to ensure that everyone is on the same page.
Security incidents are often virtual and arise as a result of a natural system failure, such as traffic overload or hardware repair. A SOC will be able to respond faster to these types of incidents if it is part of an overall incident detection program. As such, not every organization can support an SOC in-house, and many organizations outsource this task. While it may not be possible for an organization to implement all of the responsibilities of an SOC, it is essential to ensure that it is working to its maximum potential.
While incident response is a critical part of the SOC, it is still a reactive process. It has a considerable impact on the time it takes to acknowledge and remediate an incident. Incident response teams rely on a network’s profile and a log retention policy to detect anomalous activity. After detecting an attack, they must prioritize and mitigate it. The post-incident activity phase consists of reviewing the incident response team’s performance and identifying any necessary actions.
An effective SOC strategy revolves around threat management, which consists of collecting data and analyzing it to detect malicious activity. These teams typically collect security-relevant data from firewalls, threat intel, intrusion prevention systems, probes, and SIEM systems. In addition, they create alerts based on abnormal data. Additionally, an SOC strategy includes asset discovery and management, which involves ensuring that all assets are functional, patched, and updated.
Incident management is a key aspect of a SOC. Security operations teams receive many alerts each day and analyze these to determine if an incident is real or not. Once an incident is detected, analysts prioritize the alerts and work with multiple stakeholders to determine how to respond. Security incidents often involve complex procedures and tools. The SOC commander oversees the SOC team and determines how to best respond to the incident.
The SOC collects and reviews network activity logs to establish a baseline for “normal” network activity. These logs contain information that may reveal threats and aid remediation following an incident. Most SOCs use SIEM software to aggregate data and correlate data feeds from network devices, endpoints, and applications. By monitoring network activity, SOCs can determine which threats are most prevalent and which tools are best equipped to handle them.
SOC analysts work 12-hour shifts. One night crew analyst quits at 5:48 a.m., which means they haven’t been sleeping. They need to remain vigilant, and incident response orchestration software can help. When used properly, IR software can help SOC analysts stay alert and respond faster. Using orchestration software can improve SOC incident response plans by automating the process of collecting and storing data.
A security operations center also monitors endpoints and networks for vulnerabilities. These teams may also monitor sensitive data and ensure that compliance with security regulations is maintained. Security operations teams need to maintain good working relationships with incident management and threat hunting teams. In addition to a SOC, a security operation center should also have a team of professionals dedicated to performing their respective functions. Often, this type of team is comprised of people who may have been impacted by a security incident.
A SOC with an NOC will have a more focused on responding to threats. While most of these security incidents occur on virtual environments, NOCs may be more adept at covering hardware and network repair than a centralized SOC. The same can be said for organizations that rely heavily on their network for daily business. In fact, many SOCs are hybrid organizations with both. So, combining these functions in one team may help organizations define their roles and responsibilities.
Incident management tool
The Security Operations Center (SOC) is an incident management tool that can help your organization manage cyber incidents. SOCs can handle multiple types of threats, from malware and ransomware to emerging threats. They act as a first line of defense when an incident is confirmed and can be a great asset in preventing the spread of attacks. Depending on the type of incident, SOCs can even protect your company from financial loss due to lost data.
The security operations center acts as a central command post, collecting and analyzing telemetry from IT infrastructure. These centers provide 24/7 monitoring and analysis and decide how to handle incidents. By gathering and analyzing all this telemetry, security teams can detect incidents quickly and respond appropriately. The SOC can also help you avoid costly lapses by implementing an automated workflow to hand off the proper information to the appropriate people and allow direct action.
A security operations center can help your organization monitor security data generated across the entire IT infrastructure. This data can include data collected from firewalls, intrusion detection systems, antivirus software, and network devices. The SOC analyst team can classify the data and interpret it based on its relevance to the organization. They also keep a complete picture of all the assets the organization has. They also monitor security incidents that are not reported to the proper authorities.
A SIEM is a powerful incident management tool that provides real-time event monitoring and analysis. It can also provide advanced features such as threat intelligence, correlation, machine learning, alerting, dashboards, and forensic capabilities. By analyzing these data, security teams can map out the problem and prevent recurrence of the incident. And with SIEM, they can easily determine which employee is stealing sensitive data.